Eminent Personalities

Jai Rajguru


aykrushana Mohapatra popularly known as Jayee Rajguru a great freedom fighter and martyr of Odisha was born on, 29th October, 1739 the auspicious day of the Anla Navami in Biraharekrushnapur in Puri District to Chand Rajguru and Haramani Devi. Jaykrushna was born in a family in which his ancestors served in the court of the King of Khurda as Rajguru. His forefathers were the political, military advisors and spiritual teachers to the King of Khurda and were traditionally called Rajguru. Jayee Rajguru was an excellent scholar in Sanskrit and a great tantra Sadhaka. He had mastered Vedas, Puranas and Scriptures in the early years of his life. He had mastery in writing thousands of shlokas with ease...

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Buxi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar Mohapatra Bhramarbar Ray was the leader of the historic Paika Revolt of 1847 of Khurda. He was the landlord of Rodhanga and was nominated as the Senapati by the king of Khurda. Infact the paikas of Khurda headed by Buxi raised their voice against heavy taxation and illegal encroachment of the tax free lands and restriction on salt by the British Rule. Apart from this, a conspiracy was made against him by Krushna Singh who recorded Buxis entire landed properties rights in his brothers name. This lead to a revolution and Buxi was sardar of the revolution...

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Almost 40 years before the historic Sepoy mutiny, the Paikas in Odisha had united together in 1817, which came to be known as Paika Vidroha. The brave and courageous Paikas had raised their swords to uproot the British rule from the Odisha soil Movement. The Chief of "PAIKA" Vidroha Karunakar Sardar was imprisoned, Narayan Paramguru of Kujang and Bamdeva Pattajoshi of Kanika had been banished and the valiant leader Jayee Rajguru was hanged and killed brutally...

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When the burning flames of sepoy mutiny had engulfed the whole country in 1857 among the valiant leaders who had dedicated their lives for the cause of common man were Chakhi Khuntia or Chandan Hajuri. He was a versatile personality. He was a poet, social reformer and great revolutionary. He had a great passion for literature and had a versatile personality. Born in 1827 A.D. on the auspicious day of "Sambar Dashami" in Harchandi Sahi of Puri, Chandan Hajuri fathers name was Hajuri Raghunath Khuntia (Bhimsena Rajpanda) and his mothers name was Kamalabati...

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A Master in the art of writing short stories, he injected a new life in Odia literature in an environment of gloom and despair. His sence of humour remains unsurpassed in Odia literature. Discarding romantic themes, he wrote about the common man and his problems. Senapati could rightly be compared with the 20th Century great novelist like Premchand and Bibhutibhusan Banerjee. Eventhough he had no formaleducation, he proved to be an enlightened teacher, painter and a great administrator. In his writings, Odia Nationalism was the dominant theme. As a recognised literary poet, Senapati has made his place secure as a great prose writer in Odia .



First Odia to get the Degree of M.A. B.L. from Calcutta University. Took a valiant stand for unification of scattered Odia tracts. Emerged on the Eastern horizon as a symbol of new hope and aspiration of all Odias . Was the founder of Utkal Sammilani, architect of Odia movement and pioneer in the field of industrial development. Acclaimed as a great Legislator and Journalist, he was the first Odia to be the member of Legislative Council and Member of Central Legislative Assembly and was the first to sail overseas. He had the distinction of being the first Indian Minister. He is also Known as Kula Brudha & Utkal Gourav Madhusudan Das.



A grand patron and promoter of the Odia literary world and one of the dynamic spirits of the Odia language movement of the 19th Century was the illustrious ruler of Mayurbhanj State. Maharaja Sriramchandra Bhanj Deo whose contribution and whole-hearted support has left an indelible imprint in the sands of Odisha. Born on December 17th, 1871 in a Royal family of Mayurbanj, his fathers name was Krushna Chandra Bhanj. He completed his elementary education at Baripada. He lost his father when he was only 9 years old...

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Chandra Sekhar Behera of Sambalpur was a leading freedom fighter and an active participant in the Non-Cooperation Movement. He consolidated the National freedom movement in Sambalpur region and merged his activities with the Indian National Congress. He was a founding member of the National School of Sambalpur started on lines of Satyabadi Vana-Vidyalaya founded by Gopabandhu Das. As the chairman of Sambalpur Municipality, he received Gandhijee in Sambalpur in 1928. Organised a mass movement against illiteracy and untouchability.



The Jewel of Utkal, Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das, was in the true sense a jewel and friend of the poor. Born on 9th October 1877, in Suando Village near Sakshigopal of Puri District, he started his education career in Vernacular language initially at Rupadeipur minor school and then at Puri Zilla School. Gopabandhu had lost his mother Swarnamayee Devi after few months of his birth and also lost his father Daitari Dash while he was a student at Ravenshaw College. Inspite of his great personal loss, he had written poems like "Abakasha Chinta", Go-mahatmay, Nachiketa upakhyana, Karakabita, Dharmapada and "Bandira Atmakatha" when he was continuing at Revenshaw College...

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Born on 1879 in the auspicious full moon of Phalgun, Acharya Harihar was born in a conservative Brahmin family in Sriramchandrapur village Sakhigopal in Puri District. His fathers name was Mahadev Brahma and his mothers name was Sraddhadevi. After completing his primary studies in the village he studied in the Puri District School. From his early childhood Acharya Harihar was dedicated towards social service. He had laid the foundation stone of a associated social service in the land of Odisha...

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NILAKANTHA DAS (1884-1969)

Secured M.A. Degree in Philosophy from Calcutta University. Spurned an offer of a lucrative job by the British Govt. and preferred to serve as the Mead Master of Satyabadi High School. Endowed with a profound erudition he became a legendary figure in his life time. A powerful speaker, his speaches in Central Legislative Assembly and Odisha Legislative Assembly have left an indelible impression on Legislative history. He was a rare amalgam of a Writer, Editor, Speaker and Author. Author of an excellent commentary of Geeta. His epics are considered as Master piece of Odia Language. A distinguished freedom fighter and a revolutionary, he inspired the youth to fight against untouchability and other social evils. Led the movement for amalgamation of outlying Odia tracts and was a symbol of Odia culture.


BISWANATH DAS (1889-1984)

An eminent Freedom Fighter, able Statesman, remarkable Administrator, astute politician and a Charismatic leader. He was elected as the president of the Ganjam District Board in the year 1920 and joined the Non-cooperation movement in response to the call of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921 after giving up his lucrative law practice. Continued to be a member of Madras Legislative Assembly from 1921 to 1930. Gave up the membership of the Madras Legislative Assembly in 1931 and joined Salt Satyagraha. As a great Patriot led the peasant movement and fought for the creation of a separate Odisha Province. He had the distinction of being elected as Prime Minister of Odisha. Resigned from the Prime Ministership on 4th November 1939 at the bidding of Indian National congress. In 1950 got elected to Lok Sabha and became the President of Utkal Pradesh Congress Committee. He was appointed as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. A noble son who has left an indelible impression on a resurgent Odisha.



An Architect of modern Odisha. He attended the first Round Table Conference in London on 16th November 1930 wherein he made a fervent appeal for creating a separate province of Odisha on the basis of Language and homogeneity. As an eloquent spokesman of Odias , he was felicitated by Madhusudan Das, the father of modern Odisha. As a scion of illustrious Ganga Ruler he espoused the cause of the poor and downtrodden. Later played an important role in bringing together the vivisected parts of Odisha and laid the foundation of United Odisha. He was a member of old Madras Legislative Council, a member of royal commission of Agriculture and a member of Odisha Legislative Assembly.   He was twice elected as Prime Minister of Odisha. He was an Educationist, Freedp, Fighter, Social Reformer and a champion of the poor. He  established a permanent theatre at Paralakhemundi for promoting cultural activities.



Utkal Keshari Harekrushna Mahtab, a versatile towering like personality of contemporary era, the architect of modern Utkal and pioneer of a new dawn of Odisha was highly inspired by the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. Dr. Mahtabs name will be forever inscribed in golden letters in the annals of Odisha Politics for his contributions towards the development of Odia literature and culture...

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Enthroned as Raja of Khariar, (present day Nuapada district), in 1921. A great patron of Art, Culture and Education. Sportsman of distinction, member of many committees and Organisations. Sponsored Scholarships for deserving students for higher education. Patronised “Beer Bikram Theatre” of Khariar, the first permanent Odia Stage in the State. Nominated member of Odisha Advisory Council. Elected to Odisha Legislative Assembly in 1937 and 1946 from Khariar Assembly Constituency. Played a pivotal role in formation of Odisha as a separate province in the year 1936. It was at his instance and under his enlightened leadership that Khariar Zamindari merged with the State of Odisha leading to full Statehood.



Kalindi Charana Panigrahi belongs to Sabuja Gosthi (Green Community of Odisha Poets) of 20th century was born at Khurda. He is regarded as a superb poet, story writer, novelist, dramatist, editor and essayist. This great man’s pen never stopped till his death. His Auto-Biography ‘Jaha Ange Nivaichi’ is an unforgettable contribution to the literary treasure of Odisha. This Padma Bhusan award winner was also honoured the fellowship from Kendra Sahitya Academy.A D.Litt Degree from Sambalpur University was awarded by IMFA CHARITABLE TRUST for his life long contribution to Odia literature. The doyen whose creation ‘Matira Manisa’ was made a film has left this eternal world but his creations are still immortal.


BIJU PATTANAIK (1916-1997)

Biju Patnaik, the epitome of the Odia pride and honour, the legendary leader and architect of modern Odisha has proved his worth as an Eminent son of the soil through his novel, daring and revolutionary strides. This great visionary and stalwart was born in a cultured, reputed freedom fighter family in March 5th, 1916 at Anand Bhawan in Tulasipur area of Cuttack. His father Laxminarayan Patnaik and his mother Ashalata Devi nurtured in him courage and inspired and encouraged him on his brave daredevil deeds from his early childhood...

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Sri. Nilamani Routray was born at Mukundpur of Balasore district. He was a Graduate in Arts and Law. was the Secretary of Oriya Samaj of Calcutta. He was the Chief Minister of Odisha from 1977 to 1980. He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1989.He served as the Health and Family Welfare Minister and then Forest and Environment Minister in the Union Government. He was the president of the Odisha state unit of the Indian National Congress from 1967 to 1970. Later he joined the Utkal Congress and became its president. Subsequently, he switched over to the Bharatiya Lok Dal and became the president of its state unit.



The youngest patriot of 12 years of age Baji Rout fondly called as Bajia sacrificed his life for the cause of his motherland. Sahid Baji Rout was born in October 5th 1926 at Nilakanthapur village in Dhenkanal District in a poor Khandayat family. He had lost his father from a very early age. His mother had to work in different houses just to feed him. During the Praja Mandal Movement in Gadjat State of Odisha, the people of Dhenkanal had taken a pledge to throw out the British rule...

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The first lady Chief Minister of Odisha Srimati Nandini Satapathy was born in Cuttack and did her degree from Ravenshaw College. She was the author of many poems and short stories and the editor of Odia monthly “Kalana”. She was also conferred with “Sahitya Bharati Sammana” for the Odia translation of famous novel “Lajja”. The Founder cum Secretary of Odisha Women’s Relief Committee, Srimati Nandini was elected to Rajya Sabha from Congress party twice. During her illustrious career she led Indian Film Delegations thrice, i.e. to Moscow & Tashkent and also accompanied the then Prime Minister as a member of India’s delegation to Commemorative Session of United Nations in New York. She was in the Chairmanship of Children’s Film Society of India twice. In Odisha’s political scenario she was elected as the leader of Odisha Congress Legislature Party twice & was the Chief Minister.

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